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[Technology] (Basic Principle) The proteolytic mechanism of serine proteases?
작성자 : 관리자(  작성일 : 2020.07.22   조회수 : 1434

The proteolytic mechanism of serine proteases

The bond-cleaving reaction exerted by a serine protease on its substrate is the result of an interaction between the substrate and the charge relay network of the enzyme.
This network, which is present in the active site of all serine proteases, is known as the catalytic triad.
It is built up from the side-chains of three specific amino acids (the hydroxy group of serine, the imidazole group of histidine and the carboxylic acid group of aspartic acid) that interact with each other through an array of hydrogen bonds.

Figure 2. Charge realy network of serine proteases.

The proteolytic action of a serine protease on its substrate comprises several steps starting with the formation of a non-covalent complex between the enzyme and the substrate. A nucleophilic attack by the serine hydroxyl group on the amide carbonyl carbon atom in the substrate results in cleavage of the amide bond and the formation of an acyl-enzyme intermediate.

Figure 3. Formation of an acyl-enzyme intermediate.

The acyl-enzyme ester bond is then hydrolysed in the rate limiting step and the enzyme is now free to catalyze the cleavage of another substrate molecule.

Figure 4. Hydrolysis of the acyl-enzyme intermediate.

이전글 (Basic Principle) Serine proteases?
다음글 (Basic Principle) Enzyme specificity and substrate selectivity