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[Technology] (International Units and Enzyme Activity) Thrombin
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International Units and Enzyme Activity



The current International Standard for thrombin is the Human a-thrombin 89/588 available from NIBSC. This is a high purity preparation of a-thrombin prepared from Cohn fraction III and assayed by a clotting time method against the first International Standard for thrombin, 75/157 (1) .
The National Institute of Health standard (Lot J) is also commonly used for calibration and a study conducted by Gaffney PJ et al. (2) was focused on the relationship between the two standards, and between the International Units and the NIH Units. As a result of this study, based both on a clotting and a chromogenic assay (with the substrate S-2238), 1 NIH-U corresponds to 1.15 IU.
In an article (3) it was shown that bovine thrombin has a higher amidolytic activity than human thrombin when the same NIH-U are compared. It was also underlined that the influence of b and g-forms, that were probably contaminating the bovine enzyme, might be the reason for this discrepancy.
In the same article it was concluded that 1 NIH-U bovine thrombin was equivalent to 3.4 nkatS-2238 , and that 1 NIH-U of human thrombin was equivalent to 2.7 nkatS-2238.
from an earlier publication (4) 1 NIH-U of human thrombin corresponded to
2.5 nkatS-2238 . The correspondence between NIH-U or IU of thrombin and the enzyme activity expressed in nkat, depends on the substrate, the enzyme preparation (content of a-, b- and g-thrombin) and the assay conditions.
from the article of Friberger (4) , 1 ?g thrombin corresponds to 2.2 NIH-U or 5.5 nkatS-2238 or to 0.02 plasma equivalent units. In another study (5) , 1 ?g thrombin corresponds to 3.1 NIH-U.
In the experiments done in Chromogenix (see table 3 of the catalogue) 1 ?g thrombin was equivalent to 3 nkatS-2238 (human) or 4.4 nkatS-2238 (bovine). It might also be added that if all prothrombin is activated in 1 ml of human plasma, about 1.5 nanomoles or 17.5 NIH-U of thrombin are formed (5).

  1. Gaffney PJ et al.
    A collaborative study to establish an International Standard for alpha-thrombin. Thromb Haemost 67, 424-427 (1992).
  2. Gaffney PJ et al.
    The International and NIH units for thrombin How do they compare? Thromb Haemost 74, 900-903 (1995).
  3. Witt I et al.
    Test system with synthetic peptide substrates in haemostaseology.
    Eur J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 29, 355-374 (1991).
  4. Friberger P et al.
    Synthetic peptide substrate assays and fibrinolysis and their application on automates. In: Sem in Thromb and Haemost, Vol. 9, 281-300 (1983).
  5. Hemker HC.
    Handbook of Synthetic Substrates. Ed. Hemker HC, Martinus Nijhoof Publishers, 96-97 (1983).


이전글 (Theoretical Basis for Calculation)
다음글 (International Units and Enzyme Activity) Urokinase